Windows cmd & hotkey - 1
Do you want to make your friends amazed by your computer skill and praise you as genius? Or the hacker as watched in Sci-Fi movies? You don’t need Mac, Linux or other operating systems, just Windows, you can show-off and look like hacker and master of Zeroes and Ones, even you have no any idea of it. Here are some tricks by which you can make your friends’ jaw drop.
Start Windows command prompt as hacker
- Use use hotkeys to open
Runfeature in two keystrokes:
WinKey + R
color Ato change the color of text to Green
Change the title to Hacker Tool
List the folders of current directory
C:\>User\<yourname>\color A C:\>User\<yourname>\title Hacker Tool C:\>User\<yourname>\cd \ C:\>tree
Use other command prompt
- cmder is an awesome product. I suggest you just choose mini version to download and install if you are not the heavy git user. There are so many built-in features you can play around.
- console2 is a very good as well. I used it for many years. I’m planning to migrate to
cmder, but it will take me some time to do it, because I have some customized scripts need to run in
Useful Windows hotkeys
I believe the common hotkeys you should know. e.g.
Ctrl + C, Ctrl + V, Ctrl + A. Here the hotkeys I list below are some rarely-used but very useful hotkys.
Ctrl + Shift + Esc– Open task manager
WinKey + R– run dialog
Winkey + D– toggle ‘show desktop’
Winkey + L– lock workstation
Winkey + E– windows explorer
Ctrl + Shift + R– clear page cache and refresh webpage on browser
Alt + (shift +) tab– switch windows forwards (or backwards)
Alt + F4– close the selected application
F2, renames selected file. Also used with spreadsheet cells.
Ctrl and (+/-)– zoom in or zoom out text on the editor tool
- Middle click a tab – close tab
Hotkeys for Windows 7 or higher version
WinKey + W– search setting iterms
WinKey + Q– search every iterms
WinKey + F– search file iterms
WinKey + T– use keyboard arrow keys to navigate dock
Winkey + X- bring up laptop settings control panel
Ctrl + N- new tab
Ctrl + Shift + N- new Folder
Common short command lines for
cmd– start a Windows command prompt
calc– start the calculator application
notepad– start the notepad application
Advanced short command lines for
mstsc– start the remote desktop application
regedit– start registry editor application
resmon– awesome resource monitor - bandwidth etc (win7 or higher)
perfmon– a pretty decent performance monitor (vista or higher)
services.msc– windows service management
compmgmt.msc– computer management including all other management
eventvwr– windows event log viewer
appwiz.cpl– windows programs and features management on control panel
Most common and useful commands
This article won’t list all commands and all usages of each command. Here I will just choose the commands and some usages of command which are useful for most people. Some advanced command will be explained in Part-2.
Before you start typing any cmd, I want to share a common mistake for most beginners, including myself. We always forget to use help command before we Google a solution, when we hit some impediment or roadblock. Actually help command is the most common built-in feature within any software or tool. Learn how to use help command or find the help information is first important when we are going to learn anything new.
- Start command prompt and type
help. You will get a list of command which you can use, and short decription of each command.
Use help command to see and learn other commands
C:\>help C:\>help cd
- Start another
pwdto display current directory. All commands will use current directory as default path input if the path parameter is not specified.
Displays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory.
dir /a:h/a:dto display hidden subdirectories only
dir /p/wto display many items per screen within wide list format
dir /o:-sto display items sorted by size (biggest first)
dir /o:sto display items sorted by size (smallest first)
dir /o:dnto display items sorted by date/time (oldest first) and name ( alphabetic)
cd / chdir
- Displays the name of or changes the current directory
cdto display the name of directory
cd c:\windowsto change to
cd /d D:to change to d driver if you have d driver
tree /f/a <path>to graphically display the folder structure of a drive or path.
ren / rename
ren abc cbato ren file name from “abc” to “cba” if there is file named abc under current directory.
*.md *.txtto ren all files under current directory with
md / mkdir
md a\b\c\d & tree ato create all directories once and display result as follow
<current-directory>\a |___b |___c |___d
touch test.txt & copy test.txt C:\User\<yourname>\to create a test.txt file and copy the test.txt to C:\User<yourname>\
md a\b\c & touch a\test.txt & touch a\b\test.txt & xcopy /s /e /q a C:\User\<yourname>\a\to folder a to
tree /f /a C:\User\<yourname>\ato verify the result
move a bto move folder
rd / rmdir
rd ato remove a empty directory
rd /s ato remove a directory
aincluding all files and empty subdirectories within folder
- IMPORTANT : The item deleted by command
delcan not be restored from Recyle Bin. Please be careful before you use this command.
delto delete files or
del *.txtto delete all files with
clsto clean the screen